Coastal management is applied globally for various purposes. These were the five conclusions I was able to make from the data, after analyzing why coastal management is so important:
As mentioned earlier, the coastal areas is a great attraction site for tourists. These areas contain ideal resorts that exhibits natural sceneries for practice of sports, fishing and photographic safaris everywhere. These coastal villages have grown due to the increasing touristic demand of such beach resorts. Not only the wildlife but the clear, untouched beaches and various sport attractions may grab the eyes of many foreigners. As much as these magnificent places are an advantage for the tourists, the countries are pleased with the tourism because of it’s increase in their economy. Like Sydney, many countries rely on tourism to sustain their economy and to reinforce their beautiful scenery composed of natural diversity to increase tourists. Currently, many important areas for local marine biodiversity are diminishing due to coastal erosions, caused by hazard and human interventions. And without the coastal managements and wildlife preservations, it may cause an impact on the nation’s attraction towards tourists and on their economy.
People live on coasts but all coastal areas have different reasons of having people living in them. In countries like Singapore and Buenos Aires, its attractiveness of the marvelous landscape, large beaches and wildlife gave origin to settlements at the coasts. Other countries like Sydney, Manila and Istanbul contain many resources that can be extracted in the area giving job opportunities and a beneficial place for people to reside in. But the management of the coasts can affect the population number of the location to increase or decrease. If the countries properly put their effort and have the money to produce the coastal areas to be protected from hazards and maintain the natural environments, the settlements of the place will most likely continue to increase. On the other hand, if the management of the coast is poorly performed as wildlife is continuously dying and coastal erosions are constantly occurring people are most likely to move to other places. Yet if the area is over populated, it can cause a conflict to the area as well. Areas with a high population density, where the percentage of the population is undoubtedly greater than the percentage of land present, will cause a negative impact on the countries economy as they will need to import more resources for the great number of people. Also, if this area is holding problems like rising sea levels and coastal erosions, there will be a loss in the land for people to live on. Costal management effects the settlements in the area and can impact the population density of the location.
Careful coastal management is not only necessary for the current time period but is important for the future generation. This preservation of the coast can be achieved by sustainable development between the environment, economy and society. The environment or the wildlife is important to be maintained for geographical purposes but also for tourism. The tourism and other components including resource extractions impact the economy of the coastal areas. Then comes the human society, that continuously produce efficient transportation routes for goods and people , and are enjoy settling in the coast. Although there are many negative elements (like pollution, human interactions), the efforts many countries are making to help preserve the wildlife and the land pays for some of the negative impacts we are making. Examples include the improving engineering techniques to reduce the effect on the land from erosions like groynes, sea walls, rock armors and etc. Most countries’ coasts had different factors of importance historically but the cautious preservation, allow the current people have the opportunity to have coastal areas in good conditions. It is important for the people to perform proper protection and conservation of the general resources for future generations.